The membrane of the drum is most often constructed from the skin of an antelope, goat, sheep or cow and less frequently from zebra, wildebeest or reptiles like crocodiles and monitor lizards. The skin is dried out in the sun and the hair shaved.
What are African drums usually made of?
African drums are usually made from wood, metal or clay and come in different sizes. If the drum has a large body, it will produce a lower pitch and if the drum head has a tight tension, a high pitch will be produced. The player will strike the drum with their hands, sticks or both.
What materials are drums made of?
Drum shells are chiefly made from birch, maple, and poplar wood, though metal and synthetic variations are also available now and are taking over in some respects. Steel, aluminum, brass, and bronze are regularly used in the construction of these and plastic is used in synthetic shells.
What drums do Africans use?
The main and most common African drums are djembes. However, don’t overlook the joy you might get playing the dundun, also called a talking drum; the three drum set known as the bata; or strap on your bangle bracelets and play the bougarabou.
What is the djembe drum made out of?
The djembe is one of West Africa’s best known instruments. This goblet-shaped drum is traditionally carved from a single piece of African hardwood and topped with an animal skin as a drumhead. In western understanding, the drum belongs to the membranophone class of instruments in the percussion family.
What are the main features of African drumming?
Features of these elements include:
- polyrhythms are created by layering different rhythms together.
- dynamics are changed depending on the force with which the drum is hit.
- dynamics are not written down on a score – the leader signals changes in dynamics during the performance.
What is the best material for drums?
The standard for American drum makers today is Birch and Maple. Both sound great, and if all else fails, you can’t go wrong buying a kit made with either of those woods.
What is the best drum material?
Hickory is the most popular material out of the three, used by drummers all over the world for a variety of styles. It has good energy absorption and flex compared to that of oak, which are strong but come with strong vibrations in the hand which isn’t ideal.
How are drums manufactured?
Making the shell – Drum shells are usually made from metal, wood and sometimes from wood. Metal and plastic elements are made either by casting (pouring of molten metal into pre-made molds) or injection molding (shooting pressurized plastic into pre-made molds). … After that is done, drums are ready to be shipped.
What makes African drums unique?
One thing that makes the sabar unique to African drumming is that it’s played by hand AND by stick. … The Sabar drum has been used to communicate from village to village over considerable distances. The rhythms can imitate spoken phrases which could then be heard for over 15 kilometers.
Did drums originate in Africa?
We don’t know the drum’s exact origins, but historians agree that it was invented by the Mandinka (or Maninke) people of western Africa in around 1300 AD. … Historians believe that as blacksmiths migrated, the drum and its culture spread through west Africa.
What are big African drums called?
A djembe or jembe (/ˈdʒɛmbeɪ/ JEM-bay; from Malinke jembe [dʲẽbe], N’Ko: ߖߋ߲߰ߓߋ) is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands, originally from West Africa. … The djembe can produce a wide variety of sounds, making it an extremely versatile drum.
What are Jamaican drums called?
What are Jamaican Steel Drums? Also known as steel pans, Jamaican steel drums are percussion instruments that follow a chromatic pitch ranging from G1 toF6. The musician who plays it is called a pannist, and a group of pannists is referred to as a steel band.
Where is the mbira instrument from?
The Mbira or African thumb piano (other identifying names include: kalimba – contemporary term; the most popular term is either sansa, or mbira) is a percussive instrument originating from Africa. The instrument, also used in Cuban music, is generally held with both hands and played with the thumbs.
What is the loudest African drum?
The sound is projected out of the bottom of the shell. The notes are achieved by striking the drum in different places and with different parts of the hand. There are many other types of African drums, most of which use the principle of a vibrating membrane.