Your question: What is the climate in West and Central Africa?

In the Central African Republic, a country located south of the Sahara and north of the Equator, the climate is tropical, hot all year round, with a dry season in winter. The rainy season, which lasts for most of the year in the south, is limited to the summer months in the north.

What is the climate of West Africa?

Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C.

What is the climate of Central Africa?

Central Africa is characterized by hot and wet climates on both sides of the Equator. The equatorial strip that extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Western Rift Valley is influenced throughout the year by the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), resulting in intense, heavy precipitation.

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What are the main climate regions found in West and Central Africa?

The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert. A climate region is an area with similar temperature and rainfall. Ocean currents.

What are the three main types of climate in West Africa?

West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).

What are the four climates in West Africa?

These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above. The lines between these regions represent more of a transition along a continuous ecological gradient than sharp boundaries.

What is the climate in the southern part of West Africa?

The climate across West Africa varies from arid desert conditions in the north to humid tropical monsoon conditions along the coastal regions in the south. A semi-arid transect is located in the Sahel region, extending from northern Nigeria in the east to Senegal in the west.

What is the climate in Northern Africa?

Current Climatology of North Africa

Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.

Where is West Africa?

By convention, West Africa is the western part of Africa, bounded in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the Gulf of Guinea, and in the north by the Sahara and the Sahel, a beltlike semiarid transition zone between the Sahara desert and the Sudanian Savanna.

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What is the environment and climate of Eastern Africa?

The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations.

What climate zone is west Africa in?

The Köppen-Geiger climate zones of West Africa (Kottek et al., 2006), which occur in latitudinal strata as shown in Figure 1 are:-the equatorial monsoon zone, equatorial winter zone, 5 arid steppe zone and arid desert zone.

What is the climate of Antarctica?

Antarctica is the coldest continent on Earth. The average temperature in the interior throughout the year is about -57°C, with the minimum temperature being -90°C during the winter season. … This is known as an ice cap climate (classified as a continent where the average monthly temperature never exceeds 0°C).

What climate zone is most of Africa?

Only the northernmost and the southernmost fringes of the continent have a Mediterranean climate. The equator runs through the middle of Africa, as do the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, making Africa the most tropical continent.

What are the seasons in West Africa?

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The main two components of the African Monsoons are the West African Monsoon, which prevails during the Northern Hemisphere Summer (June through September), and the East African Monsoon with rains during spring (MAM) and autumn (OND).

What’s the temperature in Africa?

Local Time and Weather in Africa

Local Time and Weather in Africa Sort By: City Country Time Temperature Cities Shown: Capitals (56) Most Popular (67) Popular (73) Somewhat Popular (367) All (437)
Algiers Thu 1:31 am 62 °F
Antananarivo Thu 3:31 am 63 °F
Antsirabe Thu 3:31 am 77 °F
Arusha Thu 3:31 am 72 °F
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What is the geography of West Africa?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.