African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …
What is the most important element of African music?
Throughout Africa, there are four distinct categories of musical instruments: drums, wind, self-sounding and string instruments. The African drum (called the heart of the community) is the most significant instrument as it reflects people’s moods and emotions, and its rhythm holds dancers together.
What are the main musical features of African music?
Songs include accompanied and unaccompanied solos, duets and choruses. Unaccompanied choruses are an example of a cappella singing. Songs are usually either strophic (split up into verses) or are in call-and-response form.
What are the elements of West African music?
The music of West Africa is characterized by two main aspects: rhythm and melody. The rhythm is generally the most important, and West African songs are polyrhythmic featuring two or more conflicting rhythms.
What are the main elements of South African music?
South African music is a complex blend of African and Western cultures that reflects a history of conflict and perseverance. It includes music from indigenous cultures like the Khoisan, the KwaXhosa, and the Zulu. The latter performed choral music a cappella.
What are the three basic elements of music?
Terms in this set (33)
- Three basic elements of music. Melody, Rhythm, Harmony.
- Pitch. the exact highness or lowness of a note.
- Interval. the distance between any two pitches.
- Dynamics. the loudness or softness of a note or a passage of music.
- Crescendo. …
- Decrescendo. …
- Rhythm is a fundamental component of all music. ( …
What are the 8 types of African music?
List of Music Genres in Africa
- Afrobeat. Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. …
- Apala. Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
- Assiko. …
- Bikutsi. …
- Benga music. …
- Bongo Flava (Tanzania)
- Cabo-Love (Cape Verde)
- Chimurenga music.
What is the most distinctive feature of all African musical instruments?
Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.
What are the functions of African music?
It permeates African life and has a function, a role to play in society; songs are used for religious ceremonies and rituals, to teach and give guidance, to tell stories, to mark the stages of life and death and to provide political guidance or express discontent.
What is the characteristic of call and response African music?
In Sub-Saharan African cultures, call and response is a pervasive pattern of democratic participation—in public gatherings in the discussion of civic affairs, in religious rituals, as well as in vocal and instrumental musical expression.
What musical element is said to be the most distinguishing characteristic of African music tradition?
Rhythm is the most distinguishing characteristic of African music tradition.
What characteristics are featured in the rhythmic elements of African music?
Features of these elements include:
- polyrhythms are created by layering different rhythms together.
- dynamics are changed depending on the force with which the drum is hit.
- dynamics are not written down on a score – the leader signals changes in dynamics during the performance.
What is traditional West African music?
Islam-influenced West African music commonly includes the use of stringed instruments like the goje, while more secular traditional West African music incorporates greater use of drums such as the djembe. Contemporary styles of music in West Africa have been influenced by American music, African jazz and gospel music.
What is the most popular instrument in Africa?
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers. The one-string musical bow, played all over the continent but now nearly abandoned, was once responsible for all the vocal scales that are used today in African music.
What is South African traditional music?
The South African music scene includes both popular (jive) and folk forms like Zulu isicathamiya singing and harmonic mbaqanga. South Africa has a global music industry.
What music does South Africa?
Today, there are dozens of popular musical styles and genres in the country that include blues rock, trance, hip-hop, soul, jazz, pop and many other forms.