The head is disproportionately large for the body, reflecting the Yoruba belief that the head is the seat of an individual’s essential energy and being. His face and torso are patterned with parallel scarification ridges that perhaps identify his place of origin and status.
Why are there so many heads in Ife art?
Ife is regarded by the Yoruba people as the place where their deities created humans. These bronze heads are evidence of additional trade since Ife-made glass beads have been found widely in West Africa. … Ivory was another material used frequently in African art.
What are the characteristics of African sculptures?
Traditional or tribal African sculpture typically may be religious or spiritual in nature, be carved from wood, dealing primarily with the human form (and sometimes animal or mythical) and shows a creative spirit and skill that exhibits good balance, craftsmanship, attention to detail and finish and an essence of …
What is the importance of the IFE head?
It established significant political and religious authority in the lower Niger region, in what is now modern Nigeria. Its rulers promoted crafts, particularly copper-alloy casting, weaving, and bead-making. Its legacy includes outstanding naturalistic works of art in stone, terracotta and metal.
What do Nok heads represent?
The heads of Nok terracottas are invariably proportionally large relative to the bodies, and while not enough is known of Nok culture to explain this apparent imbalance, it is interesting to note that a similar emphasis of the head in later African art traditions often signifies respect for intelligence.
Why are there holes in the bronze Ife heads near the mouth?
These brass heads differ from the terracotta ones in that they all have holes around the hairline and on their necks, and some have holes on the face. A bead was found in one of the holes, and scholars conclude the holes were used to attach a beaded veil to hide the mouth (Drewal, Schildkrout 2009).
What were the Ife heads made of?
There has been a huge emphasis on Central African art history for two reasons, one being that the communities who resided there were the most sedentary of the tribes in Africa and secondly, that they produced figurative sculptures that Western collectors could most easily identify with as ‘art’; as they defined it.
What is the purpose of African sculpture?
Sculptures of this nature serve such essential purposes as warding off disease, natural calamities, and other evil; bringing fertility to people, animals, or crops; and rendering difficult judgments.
What is the main inspiration of African art?
Traditional African religions have been extremely influential on African art forms across the continent. African art often stems from the themes of religious symbolism, functionalism and utilitarianism, and many pieces of art are created for spiritual rather than purely creative purposes.
What African kingdom was known for its copper and bronze sculptures?
The artists of Ife developed a refined and highly naturalistic sculptural tradition in stone, terracotta, brass and copper and created a style unlike anything in Africa at the time.
What are the significance of Ife culture in Nigeria history?
Ife (aka Ile-Ife) was an ancient African city which flourished between the 11th and 15th century CE in what is today Nigeria in West Africa. Ife was the capital and principal religious centre of the Yoruba kingdom of Ife, which prospered thanks to trade connections with other West African kingdoms.
What made Ife significant According to Yoruba myth?
According to Yoruba myth, Ife was the center of the creation of the world and all mankind. Ife was home to many sacred groves located in the city’s forests. … Its elaborate beaded headdress, possibly representing a crown, suggest that it was associated with an Ooni, a ruler of Ife.
Why is Africa considered the cradle of art and civilization?
Why is Africa considered the “cradle of art and civilization”? The earlier discovery of Paleolithic art revolutionized ideas of what primitive human cultures might have been capable of. The creation of art is considered to indicate an advance in both the linguistic and cultural development of a population.
What is Owo art?
Archaeologists have found terracotta sculptures dating to the 15th century. Owo is situated halfway between the Nigerian towns of Ife and Benin in southern Nigeria, and so it is not surprising that Owo art displays characteristics of both traditions.
What is the oldest art tradition in Nigeria?
The Nok culture is dated to have flourished between the years 2000BC and 300AD, a making it the oldest form of traditional art not just in Nigeria but West Africa.