World War II led to decolonization of Africa by affecting both Europe and Africa militarily, psychologically, politically, and economically. In 1939, Nazi Germany initiated the Second World War by attacking and invading Poland.
What event started decolonization?
The process of decolonization coincided with the new Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, and with the early development of the new United Nations. Decolonization was often affected by superpower competition, and had a definite impact on the evolution of that competition.
What were the 3 main reasons for the colonization of Africa?
The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.
When did decolonization start in Africa?
The decolonization of Africa took place in the mid-to-late 1950s to 1975 during the Cold War, with radical regime changes on the continent as colonial governments made the transition to independent states.
When did Africa gain independence?
The year was 1960. It was a powerful illustration of how new independence felt for so many African nations. Seventeen countries declared independence that year, which became known as the Year of Africa.
What factors led to colonialism?
The motivations for the first wave of colonial expansion can be summed up as God, Gold, and Glory: God, because missionaries felt it was their moral duty to spread Christianity, and they believed a higher power would reward them for saving the souls of colonial subjects; gold, because colonizers would exploit resources …
What are the factors that led to the scramble and partition of Africa?
Economic Factors that led to the Scramble and Partition of Africa
- New industrialists needed raw materials for their industries which were readily available in Africa.
- The raw materials included rubber, timber, gold, cotton among others.
What are the reasons why Europe colonized Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.
How did decolonization affect Africa?
One of the most important effects of decolonization is the instability of the post-colonial political systems, which entails another, far-reaching consequences. These include deep economic problems, inhibiting growth and widening disparities between the northern and southern part of the globe.
Who started decolonization?
In Africa, the United Kingdom launched the process of decolonization in the early 1950s. Some countries achieved independence peacefully.
What happened after South Africa gained independence?
After an initial phase from 1945 to about 1958, in which white power seemed to be consolidated, decolonization proceeded in three stages: first, the relatively peaceful achievement by 1968 of independence by those territories under direct British rule (the High Commission territories became Lesotho, Botswana, and …
What is the process of decolonization?
decolonization, process by which colonies become independent of the colonizing country. Decolonization was gradual and peaceful for some British colonies largely settled by expatriates but violent for others, where native rebellions were energized by nationalism.
What is the first African country to gain independence?
Today Ghana marks 60 years of independence from British colonial rule. As the first sub-Saharan country to gain independence, Ghana’s precedent in 1957 inspired other countries to seek liberation and 17 African countries gained independence in 1960.
Why did African countries want independence?
After the Second World War people in Africa wanted change. Only Egypt, Liberia and Ethiopia were independent at that point. But it was Indian self-rule which triggered the momentum leading to independence. Everywhere the mood was hopeful as people were inspired by the vision of a new society free of European control.