Railways were built so that Europeans could better fight opponents to colonialism.
Did the British build railways in Africa?
Most of the colonial rail lines were built in Africa during the “scramble for Africa” that took place after the Berlin Conference of 1885. This conference was held among the European powers to settle the “ownership” of Africa. Great Britain came away from the conference holding most of Central and Southern Africa.
Why were the British railways built?
British was struggling with transportation problem and they came up with the idea of the introduction of railways. They felt that after the introduction of railway transportation of raw material will be faster and it will also bring economical development to the country.
Where did the British hope to create their great railroad?
It would have been the largest and most important railway of that continent. It was planned as a link between Cape Town in South Africa and Port Said in Egypt.
Is there a railroad across Africa?
The Cape to Cairo railway is an uncompleted railway crossing Africa from south to north.
How did railroads affect Africa?
Railroads decreased transportation costs, thereby making cocoa production for export markets profitable. Ghana became the world’s largest exporter of cocoa by 1911. The rural population increased along the railway lines because cocoa cultivation required more labour, thus creating villages.
Why did Cecil Rhodes want to build a railroad?
His famous desire was to be able to draw a “red line” from Cairo to Cape Town, building a railway across the entire continent of Africa without ever leaving British territory. Rhodes wanted to create an international movement to extend British influence.
How was railways beneficial for the Britishers?
It integrated the markets and increased the trade. It facilitated the investment in different industries as now the movement of finished goods became easy. Jute, Cotton, Iron and steel industries were established in times to come. It provided employment and helped several subsectors like mining, construction and so on.
What impact did the railways have on Britain?
The transport of heavy materials became much cheaper. Railways encouraged people to travel further and this meant people could move to different areas to find work. MPs were able to travel more quickly between their constituencies and the Houses of Parliament in London.
Who built the British railways?
The first railroad built in Great Britain to use steam locomotives was the Stockton and Darlington, opened in 1825. It used a steam locomotive built by George Stephenson and was practical only for hauling minerals. The Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which opened in 1830, was the first modern railroad.
What was the purpose of the railways built in Africa?
The railway network provided Europeans in Sub-Saharan Africa with a means of controlling the areas where they had colonies, linking one part of a region to another. This made it possible to impose the same sets of laws and regulations over vast areas.
Who built the railroad in South Africa?
In the north, in the independent South African Republic, railway construction was done by the Netherlands-South African Railway Company (NZASM), which constructed two major lines: one from Pretoria to Lourenço Marques in Portuguese East Africa Colony, and a shorter line connecting Pretoria to Johannesburg.
Why did Rhodes want to expand the British empire northward?
Rhodes was motivated by a desire to extend the “civilizing” element of the railroad, lay claim to and unite British provinces from the Cape to Cairo, and increase his personal fortune from mineral exploitation.
Which British figure wanted to build a railway in Africa that would stretch from the Cape to Cairo?
Extending from Cape Town to Kimberly, the first segment of the Cape-to-Cairo was completed in 1884 (Figure 2). Overall supervision of the project was provided by George Pauling, a British engineer who famously promised Rhodes he could build 400 miles of rail line in as many days.
Why did China build a railway in Africa?
“The railroad was financed and mostly built by China, and it provided the landlocked country of Zambia with a 1,860 kilometres link to Tanzania and the way to export its copper to the global market without crossing white minority ruled territories,” Associate Professor at NYU Shanghai Maria Adele Carrai said.
How many railways are in Africa?
Country-wise, South Africa has the largest rail network of around 22,051 km. Countries such as Burundi, Comoros, Libya and Rwanda still have no connectivity via railway networks.
Africa: Current railway network [free access]