Why did the British used indirect rule in East Africa?

Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.

Why did British practice indirect rule?

The hierarchical nature of the political structure was ideal for the system of indirect rule because the British could control the emirs and the emirs in turn could control their people.

Why the British practiced indirect rule in Ghana?

The colonies were large and recruiting British officials at all levels would be costly. Indirect rule was cheaper since local rulers could be used.

Why did the British adopt indirect rule in Nigeria?

Another important reason for the adoption of indirect rule in Nigeria was to preserve the native law and customs in Nigeria. Unlike the French policy of assimilation, the British didn’t want to introduce any system of government that is capable of causing crisis or rebellion by the people.

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Why did the British use indirect rule in Zimbabwe?

Zimbabwe had a large white population. The Africans especially the Ndebele kept on revolting against colonial rule. The British South Africa Company had enough personnel for administration. They wanted to fully exploit the natural resources.

Why was indirect rule partially successful in the West?

Absence Of Highly Centralised Administration: The Yorubas unlike the Hausa/Fulanis , did not have highly Centralised system of administration , hence, the partial success of the system of indirect rule of lord lugard.

When was indirect rule introduced in Africa?

Iliffe, A Modern History, 330-34. the interest of the colonial administration. The process of implementing indirect rule in Nyasaland began in 1912 with the District Administration (Native) Ordinance and by 1934 the system had become fully established.

Why was indirect rule adopted in West Africa?

The average British saw the colonies as a harsh environment where they could die of malaria or other diseases so they were unwilling to come and work there. This created the shortage of critical personnel in the colonies. The British were therefore forced to use local people, leading to the adoption of Indirect Rule.

Why was the indirect rule adopted?

(i) Inadequate personnel: The British colonial administration did not have enough personnel to use direct administration. (ii) Insufficient funds to run direct rule was another reason. (v) The colonial administration wanted to preserve the customs and traditions of the people. …

Was British rule in Africa direct or indirect?

British policy in Western Africa

system subsequently institutionalized as “indirect rule.” Essentially, local government was to be left in the hands of the traditional chiefs, subject to the guidance of European officers.

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Why did indirect rule succeed in northern Nigeria?

Indirect rule succeeded in northern Nigeria because there was already in existence a native judicial system. The Emirs in northern Nigeria operated a court system where criminals were tried and if found guilty, convicted. This was the very system Lord Lugard adopted and reformed.

What are the reasons for indirect rule system in Nigeria?

Below are some of the reasons why indirect rule succeeded in the North:

  • Autocratic Nature of the Emirs.
  • Submissiveness of the people.
  • Centralized nature of the North.
  • Lack of educated elites to oppose the system.
  • Pre-existing tax system in the North.
  • Preservation of the culture and religion of the people.

Why did the British colonize Nigeria?

The British targeted Nigeria because of its resources. The British wanted products like palm oil and palm kernel and export trade in tin, cotton, cocoa, groundnuts, palm oil and so on (Graham, 2009). The British accomplished the colonization by using its military.

Why did indirect rule fail in southern Nigeria?

Presence of educated elite in southern Nigeria

These educated elite, some of whom were lawyers and journalists, were British-trained. They opposed the policies of the British if it was found to be detrimental to the interest of the local people. That is why the indirect rule did not succeed in southern Nigeria.

What is direct rule in Africa?

Direct colonial rule is a form of colonialism that involves the establishment of a centralized foreign authority within a territory, which is run by colonial officials. … Ugandan academic Mahmood Mamdani classifies direct rule as centralized despotism: a system where natives were not considered citizens.

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