Was South West Africa a British colony?
South West Africa Mandate. The port of Walvis Bay was declared to be British territory in 1878 and annexed to the Cape Colony in 1884 when the Germans began to set up a colony in the surrounding area. The German colony was captured in 1915 and became a South African mandate in 1919.
Which European country Colonised South West Africa?
The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.
How did Germany lose South West Africa?
July 1915: Germany loses control of South West Africa to Allied and South African troops. 1919: After Germany’s defeat in the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles forces it to give up its colonies. 1923: Chief Samuel Maharero dies in exile in present-day Botswana.
What happened to South West Africa?
In 1966, the General Assembly passed resolution 2145 (XXI) which declared the Mandate terminated and that the Republic of South Africa had no further right to administer South West Africa.
Who colonized West Africa?
Louis the French began what would eventually become their colonial project. Assimilation lay at the base of France’s experience in West Africa. West Africa would become a part of France. The French colonialists came to think of their sphere of influence “as mere provinces overseas” (Boahen, 1986: 123).
Did Britain colonize South Africa?
Cape Colony, British colony established in 1806 in what is now South Africa. With the formation of the Union of South Africa (1910), the colony became the province of the Cape of Good Hope (also called Cape Province).
Did Germany colonize South Africa?
German South West Africa, German Deutsch-Südwestafrika, a former German colony (1884–1919) that is now the nation of Namibia, in southwestern Africa. … These areas were constituted the first German colony under German protection on April 24, 1884. The German occupation subsequently extended inland.
Why did Germany colonize Africa?
The Germans colonized South West Africa in a different manner than the rest of their holdings. The main goal of the Germans in Namibia was to provide a Lebensraum for its people: more territory that a state believes is needed for its natural development.
Why did Germany colonize South West Africa?
German South West Africa was the only German colony in which Germans settled in large numbers. German settlers were drawn to the colony by economic possibilities in diamond and copper mining, and especially farming.
Who colonized Niger Republic?
In the late 1890s the French began to colonize Niger. In 1902, the French built a military fort in Niamey, a small fishing village at the time. Then, in 1926, the French moved their colonial capital from Zinder to Niamey to facilitate trade along the Niger River with other French territories in West Africa.
Who colonized Mozambique?
Mozambique was a Portuguese colony, overseas province and later a member state of Portugal. It gained independence from Portugal in 1975.
Why did Germany want Namibia?
In 1886 the border between Angola and what would become German South West Africa was negotiated between the German and Portuguese nations. … The reason Germany selected Namibia as its “protectorate” was influenced by the fact that a tobacco merchant from Bremen, Franz Luderitz, bought up coastal land in the area in 1882.
Who colonized Togo?
In 1884, Germany declared a region including present-day Togo as a protectorate called Togoland. After World War I, rule over Togo was transferred to France. Togo gained its independence from France in 1960.
Which country colonized Botswana?
Before its independence in 1966, Botswana was a British protectorate known as Bechuanaland. It was also one of the poorest and least-developed states in the world.
Who was Namibia colonized by?
Namibia was a German colony from 1884 to 1919, then administered by apartheid South Africa until 1990. A small German population still lives in the country. In 2004 Germany apologised for the colonial-era genocide that killed 65,000 Herero people through starvation and slave labour in concentration camps.