The most striking feature is the existence of two great lines of rift valleys, due largely to the subsidence of segments of the Earth’s crust, the lowest parts of which are occupied by vast lakes.
What is the importance of African plateau?
The Importance of Plateaus
The African plateau is famous for gold and diamond mines and the Chottanagpur plateau in India is rich with iron, coal, and manganese. Waterfalls are also found on plateaus and can turn out to be very good tourist spots, for example the Hundru falls and the Jog falls in India.
What are some unique features of the plateaus in East Africa?
The East African Plateau provides a spectacular example of geodynamic plateau uplift, active continental rifting, and associated climatic forcing. It is an integral part of the East African Rift System and has an average elevation of approximately 1,000 m.
What are the main physical features of Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
Which is the highest plateau of Africa?
Formed tens of millions of years ago by successive outpourings of lava, the Sanetti Plateau towers over southeastern Ethiopia. The plateau spreads across thousands of square kilometers; with much it at 3,000 meters (10,000 feet) above sea level, it is the most extensive high-altitude feature in Africa.
What are the features of Africa?
Check out some of the most-impressive physical features found in Africa.
- Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls. …
- The Namib. Namib desert. …
- East African Rift System. Kenya: Great Rift Valley. …
- Congo River. Congo River: hydroelectric dam at Inga Falls. …
- The Sahara. sand dunes. …
- Lake Victoria. …
- Ituri Forest. …
- Nile River.
Which of the following is a characteristic feature of East African Plateau?
The East African Plateau is a large plateau in the eastern part of central Africa in Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. … It is subdivided into a number of zones running north and south and consisting in turn of mountain ranges, tablelands, and rift valleys.
Which plateau in Africa is of volcanic origin?
Adamawa Plateau, also spelled Adamaoua Plateau, volcanic upland in west-central Africa.
Which continent has the most plateaus?
Asia is home to many plateaus, areas of relatively level high ground.
What is the most important geographic feature of Central Africa?
The physical geography varies with each country in Central Africa. The most prominent physical landscape is the tropical rain forests of the equatorial region. Highlands can be found in both the western and eastern regions of Central Africa.
What are the importance of physical features?
Existing physical features exert important influences in shaping the development of any specific area. They are nature’s contribution to the City’s environment. Collectively, these features can determine the overall physical character of the community.
What is common about most African climates?
In fact, the climate of Africa is more variable by rainfall amount than by temperatures, which are consistently high. … Precipitation intensity is always high, and it is a hot continent. Warm and hot climates prevail all over Africa, but mostly the northern part is marked by aridity and high temperatures.
Which is the highest Intermontane plateau?
Qinghai-Tibet Plateau — Largest intermontane plateau in the world; covers 2.2 million square kilometers and averages 4,000 metres above sea level.
What do you know about plateau?
A plateau is a flat, elevated landform that rises sharply above the surrounding area on at least one side. Plateaus occur on every continent and take up a third of the Earths land. They are one of the four major landforms, along with mountains, plains, and hills.
How are plateaus formed in Africa?
A plateau is a section of land that is relatively flat, due to various reasons. Some plateaus have been formed by erosion and others by volcanic activity. … The whole of the country of South Africa is a plateau, with high ground on all but its northern border. This high land drops steeply towards the coast.