Which European country first had direct contact with West Africa?

It began with the Portuguese, who went to West Africa in search of gold. The first Europeans to come to Africa’s West Coast to trade were funded by Prince Henry, the famous Portuguese patron, who hoped to bring riches to Portugal.

Which European country first came to West Africa?

The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.

Where were the first Europeans to arrive in West Africa from?

European sailors first reached sub-Saharan Africa in 1442, when Portuguese ships reached the Senegal river. The Portuguese had been sailing the coasts of Morocco and Western Sahara since 1413, when they captured the Moroccan city of Ceuta [still a Spanish city today].

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Which European countries first came to West Africa for colonization?

European colonisation and domination changed the world dramatically. Historians argue that the rushed imperial conquest of the African continent by the European powers started with King Leopold II of Belgium when he involved European powers to gain recognition in Belgium.

Which European country explored West Africa?

Northwest Africa (the Maghreb) was known as either Libya or Africa, while Egypt was considered part of Asia. European exploration of Sub-Saharan Africa begins with the Age of Discovery in the 15th century, pioneered by the Kingdom of Portugal under Henry the Navigator.

What was the first British colony in West Africa?

In 1816 the British founded the colony of Bathurst at the mouth of the Gambia River. Both colonies served as bases for the British effort to block the slave trade along the coast.

Why did Europeans first go to Africa?

Europeans first became interested in Africa for trade route purposes. They were looking for ways to avoid the taxes of the Arab and Ottoman empires in Southwest Asia. Sailing around Africa was the obvious choice, but it was a long voyage and could not be completed without “pit stops” along the way.

Who was the first European to cross the African continent?

David Livingstone was a Scottish missionary, doctor, abolitionist, and explorer who lived in the 1800s. He sought to bring Christianity, commerce, and “civilization” to Africa and undertook three extensive expeditions throughout much of the continent.

Who was the first European explorer to reach East Africa?

Johannes Rebmann, (born Jan. 16, 1820, Gerlingen, Württemberg—died Oct. 4, 1876, Korntal, near Stuttgart), German missionary and explorer, the first European to penetrate Africa from its Indian Ocean coast.

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Which European country came to Ghana first?

The History of The Republic of Ghana

The earliest Europeans to set foot on the land were the Portuguese in the 15th century (1471). On their arrival, they found so much gold between the rivers Ankobra and the Volta that they named the area “da Mina”, meaning “The Mine”.

What countries colonized West Africa?

With the exception of Ethiopia and Liberia, the entire continent came under European colonial rule. The major colonial powers were Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, and Portugal.

Did Africa had history before European colonization?

The earliest known recorded history arose in Ancient Egypt, and later in Nubia, the Sahel, the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa. … At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs.

Where is British West Africa?

From west to east, the colonies became the independent countries of The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Ghana and Nigeria.

British West Africa.

British West African Settlements
Today part of The Gambia Ghana Nigeria Sierra Leone

Which European country first came to Nigeria?

The First Wave of Europeans in Nigeria

Europeans began exploration, trade, and missionary endeavors along the West Coast of Africa in the 15th century. The Portuguese were the first to do so, establishing trade with the Benin Kingdom, Lagos, and other regions along the coast.

Who was the first European to arrive in India?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

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Did the Portuguese colonize West Africa?

At first, the Portuguese established trading stations along the west coast of Africa rather than permanent settlements. … The Portuguese did not conquer this region but chose rather to become allies of the Kongo king.