Where does sugarcane grow best in South Africa?

Sugarcane is a strategic crop for KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga, where sugarcane production is located, comprising a substantial percentage of field crop gross farming income across the two provinces.

Where is the most sugarcane grown in South Africa?

South Africa produces 19.9 million tons of sugar cane a year, and most of it comes from the rolling green valleys of KwaZulu-Natal.

Where is sugar farmed in South Africa?

An overview of the South African Sugar Industry

The cane growing sector comprises 21 926 registered sugarcane growers farming in KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga. Sugar is manufactured by six milling companies with 14 sugar mills operating in these cane growing regions.

What land is best for growing sugarcane?

Sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers. The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material.

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In which climate does sugarcane grow best?

Sugar cane requires a warm climate, with temperatures only slightly below freezing capable of killing off this plant. Temperatures between 70 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit are best for growing sugar cane.

Where is sugarcane grown in South Africa and why?

The balance is grown in the northern irrigated areas that com- prise Pongola and Mpumalanga lowveld . On average 22 million tons of sugar cane are produced each season from 14 mill supply areas, extending from Northern Pondoland in the Eastern Cape to the Mpumalanga Lowveld .

Which is the biggest sugar mill in South Africa?

Umfolozi Sugar Mill affectionately known as USM is situated between the world heritage Isimangaliso Wetlands Park on the Kwazulu Natal North Coast and the Hluhluwe Umfolozi game reserve in the heart of Zululand.

Which country is the largest producer of sugar in Africa?

On February 28, 2017, the President of the African Development Bank visited the Kenana Sugar Company (KSC) in Sudan, which is by far Africa’s largest sugar-producing agro-industrial complex and world’s largest producer of white sugar.

How is sugarcane grown in South Africa?

In South Africa, sugarcane in irrigated areas is a 12-month crop, which reaches maturity for harvesting anytime between late February/early March until December. In the rain-fed areas, the crop cycle is ideally around 15 months, also being harvested between March and December each year.

How much sugarcane does South Africa produce?

South Africa produced around 19.3 million metric tons of sugar cane in the production year 2019/2020. The preliminary volume grew slightly in comparison to the preceding year. Over the last two decades, the quantity of sugar cane produced in South Africa followed a declining tendency, with several fluctuations.

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How profitable is sugarcane farming?

Average revenue is $1,067 per harvested acre (3,070 acres), or $655 per farm acre (5,000 acres). Per acre revenues include $1,278 from plant cane fields and $959 from first ratoon fields. Second and third ratoon crops generate revenues of $879 and $831 per acre, respectively.

How many months does sugarcane grow?

Sugarcane can take between 9-24 months to harvest, depending on the climate. There is one harvest of the primary crop, and then 3-4 harvests of the “ratoon”, or re-growth.

Does sugarcane need lots of water?

Sugarcane is a tall tropical plant that is similar to bamboo. To grow successfully, sugarcane needs strong sunlight, fertile soil and lots of water. It needs at least 1.5 m of rainfall each year or access to irrigation.

Which country is the largest producer of sugarcane?


(in mln metric tonnes, tel quel)
1 India 25.51
2 Brazil 18.11
3 EU-28 16.20

Which month is the best for planting sugarcane and why?

Autumn is the suitable time for planting sugarcane and is done in the long stretch of October. For good yields, planting should be finished up to twentieth October. Deferral in planting may cause a decrease in yield as germination of sugarcane is diminished because of low temperature in late planting.

What conditions are best for growing sugarcane?

Sugarcane thrives best in soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. Since it is in the grass family, sugar cane is a heavy feeder and thrives on nitrogen-rich fertilizers, such as a standard grass fertilizer. It likes full sun and will go dormant in winter.

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