What types of plants are found in South Africa?

What types of plants are in South Africa?

Natural vegetation in South Africa varies from savanna through grassland with fewer trees to scrub and scattered bush and drier western areas. Because of dry summers Western Cape has a distinct vegetation of grasses, shrubs, and trees. The eastern coast has a more tropical plant life.

How many types of plants are there in South Africa?

20,000. plant species are found in South Africa – an astonishing 10% of all plants found on Earth.

What plants and trees are in southern Africa?

Trees of South Africa South African Indigenous Trees List

  • Baobab. All species of baobab trees are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves annually. …
  • Black Monkey Orange. …
  • Buffalo Thorn. …
  • Bushwillow. …
  • Common Star Chestnut. …
  • Corkbush. …
  • Jackalberry. …
  • Knob Thorn.

What is South Africa’s national plant?

The giant or king protea is widely distributed in the south-western and southern areas of the Western Cape, from the Cedarberg up to just east of Grahamstown. The artichoke-like appearance of the flower-heads of the king protea lead to the specific name ‘cynaroides’, which means ‘like cynara’ (the artichoke).

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What are garden plants?

1. garden plant – any of a variety of plants usually grown especially in a flower or herb garden. plant life, flora, plant – (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion. bedder, bedding plant – an ornamental plant suitable for planting in a flowerbed. Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection.

What are examples of indigenous plants?

Here are a few of the many indigenous plants that are currently under threat.

  • Paarl Fire Pea. Is a fairly large, pea-shaped, yellow changing to reddish flower that blossoms from spring to early summer. …
  • Fragrant Blue Babiana. …
  • Piketberg conebush. …
  • Clanwilliam cedar.

How many plant species are in Africa?

Africa includes approximately 45,000 plant species in 29 million km2 (Klopper et al., 2007), compared to c. 90,000 in 17.84 million km2 in South America and c. 42,000 species in 3 million km2 in Malesia (Davis, 1995). Furthermore, this diversity is distributed very unevenly across the continent (Figure 1).

What plants are unique to South Africa?

Other endemic plants include the Bird of Paradise Flower (SANBI), the Red Disa (ARKive WM), the Rhinoceros Bush (SANBI), the Cushion Restio (SANBI), the Clanwilliam Cedar (ARKive WM), the False-waterberry (SANBI), the Kammanassie Erica (SANBI), Bergeranthus multiceps (iNaturalist), the Keurboom (SANBI), the Silver Tree …

How many species are there in South Africa?

There are over 100 000 known species of plants, animals and fungi in South Africa. Scientists believe that there are at least another 50 000 species in the country that have not yet been discovered and/ or named.

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What are the main plants in Africa?

Top 10: Iconic African trees

  • Fever tree (Vachellia xanthophloea)
  • Baobab (Adansonia)
  • Saugage tree (Kigelia africana)
  • Quiver tree (Aloe dichotoma)
  • Leadwood (Combretum imberbe)
  • Marula tree (Sclerocarya birrea)
  • Whistling thorn (Vachellia drepanolobium)
  • Mopane tree (Colophosphermum mopane)

What plants are native to West Africa?

5 Top West African Healing Plants and Herbal Remedies

  • Aloe. Flickr: titanium22. …
  • Neem. Neem trees originally come from India. …
  • Kenkiliba (also “kenkeliba”) The leaves of the kenkiliba bush are known through Mali, Senegal, The Gambia, and Burkina Faso as a strong tonic for well-being and longevity. …
  • Baobab Oil. …
  • Lemongrass.

What tree is this South Africa?

Afrocarpus latifolius

Say hello to South Africa’s National Tree! This beautiful tree is often considered as a hedging or screening option to create more privacy due to its dense foliage.

What is South Africa’s nickname?

Many different peoples make up South Africa, each with their own language and history. The country has 11 official languages and many more unofficial ones. This colorful mix of cultures gives South Africa its nickname “rainbow nation.”

What protea means?

Among the oldest families of flowers on earth, dating back 300 million years, Greek legend tells us that protea were named after Proteus, the son of Poseidon. … With its mythological associations to change and transformation, it’s not surprising that in the language of flowers, protea symbolizes diversity and courage.

Where is the protea plant found in South Africa?

The species is also known as giant protea, honeypot or king sugar bush. It is widely distributed in the southwestern and southern parts of South Africa in the fynbos region. The king protea is the national flower of South Africa.

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