What landforms cover most of West Africa?

Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966). Much later, volcanic activity in many of these highlands deposited additional layers of igneous rock.

What are the main landforms of Africa?

Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.

What is the physical features of West Africa?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.

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What are the four main geographic regions of West Africa?

The West African region can be divided into four climatic sub-regions namely the Guinea Coast, Soudano-Sahel, Sahel (extending eastward to the Ethiopian border) and the Sahara, each with different climatic conditions.

What are the relief of West Africa?

Relief and Drainage

Most of West Africa consists of an undulating low plateau below 500m asl, fringed on the west and south by a coastal plain; this plain is widest in Senegal, the southern Ivory Coast, the Niger delta and the lower valleys of the Volta and Niger rivers.

What are the major landforms in West Africa?

Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966). Much later, volcanic activity in many of these highlands deposited additional layers of igneous rock.

What is the most dominant landform in Africa?

AFRICA’S PLATEAU

A huge plateau covers most of Africa. It rises inland from narrow lowlands along the coast. Except for the coasts of Mozambique and Somalia, much of the continent lies at least 1,000 feet above sea level. This plateau is Africa’s most prominent physical feature.

What are the major physical features that influenced the rise of West African kingdom?

Some examples may include rivers, oceans, and deserts. Students should be able to determine that geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. The Sahara is a desert; therefore, it is not suitable for farming due to lack of water. South of the Sahara however, was suitable for farming.

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What resources did West Africa have?

The country is endowed with rich natural resources. Timber, gold, diamonds, bauxite, manganese, and oil contribute to making Ghana among the wealthier nations in West Africa.

How did geography affect West Africa?

Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara, where the land permitted farming. Geography also influenced trading patterns. Communities traded with one another for items they could not produce locally.

What are the 4 vegetation zones of West Africa?

These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above. The lines between these regions represent more of a transition along a continuous ecological gradient than sharp boundaries.

What are 3 major economic resources found in West Africa?

Africa is abundant with natural resources, including diamonds, gold, oil, natural gas, uranium, platinum, copper, cobalt, iron, bauxite and cocoa beans.

What types of landscapes are found in the coastal regions of West Africa?

What landforms dominate the West African landscape? Coastal regions are dominated by lagoons, beaches, low plains, mangrove swamps, and the remaining rain forests. The area behind coastal plains is dominated by mountainous highlands and inland areas are mostly covered in low sandy plains.

What is the geography of West Africa?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.

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What is West Africa known for?

West Africa is famous for its cultural diversity and rich history. Unique mud architecture and landscapes dominate Niger and Mali’s major sights. Slave forts on Goree Island and along Ghana’s coast attract many visitors.

What is the physical geography of Nigeria?

In general, the topography of Nigeria consists of plains in the north and south interrupted by plateaus and hills in the centre of the country. The Sokoto Plains lie in the northwestern corner of the country, while the Borno Plains in the northeastern corner extend as far as the Lake Chad basin.