The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.
What types of physical environments are in West Africa?
The land of West Africa consists of contrasting kinds of physical environment. The forest environment differs from the savanna environment, a mountainous area from a flat lowland area, riverine area from one away from a river, an area with predominantly sandy soils from one with predominantly loamy soils.
How might the physical geography of Africa be characterized?
Africa is the most tropical of all continents. Climate and vegetation range from equatorial rainforests, tropical deserts and savanna grassland to Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx. 1800 kms and east-west is 5600km.
What are the geographic regions of West Africa?
western Africa, region of the western African continent comprising the countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.
Is West Africa mostly desert?
The Niger River flows through the southwestern region and provides fresh water, but the northern region is mainly the Sahara Desert, and large portions are covered with sand dunes. The country has extreme demographics.
What is the environment like in West Africa?
The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.
What is Africa Physical Geography?
Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. … Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What are 4 physical features?
Mountains, plains, plateaus, and hills are the four major landforms.
What are 10 major physical features of Africa?
Check out some of the most-impressive physical features found in Africa.
- Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls. …
- The Namib. Namib desert. …
- East African Rift System. Kenya: Great Rift Valley. …
- Congo River. Congo River: hydroelectric dam at Inga Falls. …
- The Sahara. sand dunes. …
- Lake Victoria. …
- Ituri Forest. …
- Nile River.
What type of landforms are found in Africa?
What types of landforms are found in Africa? Rift valleys, mountains, and plateaus.
What is the physical geography of Nigeria?
In general, the topography of Nigeria consists of plains in the north and south interrupted by plateaus and hills in the centre of the country. The Sokoto Plains lie in the northwestern corner of the country, while the Borno Plains in the northeastern corner extend as far as the Lake Chad basin.
What are the major physical features that influenced the rise of West African kingdom?
Some examples may include rivers, oceans, and deserts. Students should be able to determine that geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. The Sahara is a desert; therefore, it is not suitable for farming due to lack of water. South of the Sahara however, was suitable for farming.
How did geography affect West Africa?
Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara, where the land permitted farming. Geography also influenced trading patterns. Communities traded with one another for items they could not produce locally.
What are the major landforms in West Africa?
Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966). Much later, volcanic activity in many of these highlands deposited additional layers of igneous rock.
What makes West Africa unique?
West Africa has a rich ecology, with strong biodiversity and several distinct regions. The climate and ecology are heavily influenced by the dry Sahara to the North and East, which provides dry winds during the Harmattan, and the west and humid climate to the south and of the Atlantic which provides seasonal monsoons.
What is the climate in the West?
The climate of the West is semi-arid, yet parts of the region get high amounts of rain or snow. … The seasonal temperatures vary greatly throughout the West. Low elevations on the West Coast have warm summers and mild winters with little to no snow. The desert southwest has very hot summers and mild winters.