Geography: Namibia is located in the south of the African continent, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean. An arid climate and the two deserts, the Namib and the Kalahari, characterize the country’s terrain. Frequent droughts and erratic rainfall patterns make it the driest country in sub-Saharan Africa.
Where does it rain the least in Africa?
An average of less than 1,000 millimeters of rain falls per year across most of Africa (Map 1). Rainfall tends to decrease with distance from the equator and is negligible in the Sahara (north of about latitude 16°N), in eastern Somalia, and in the southwest of the continent in Namibia and South Africa.
What part of Africa is hot and dry?
The hot desert region consists of the Sahara and Kalahari deserts, which are always under the influence of dry continental tropical air masses, and the northern Kenya–Somali desert, the aridity of which is principally caused by the stable nature of the maritime air masses that pass over it throughout the year.
Which Desert is the driest in Africa?
The Namib is one of the world’s driest deserts. tumboa, or welwitschia, in the Namib Desert of southwestern Africa.
Why is the Middle East and North Africa so dry?
The Sahara and the Middle East are dry in part because they straddle the the Tropic of Cancer.
Where are the driest places on earth?
The Atacama Desert in Chile, known as the driest place on Earth, is awash with color after a year’s worth of extreme rainfall.
Is Antarctica the driest place on Earth?
Antarctica is the driest continent; it is almost entirely desert. Very little snow or rain falls on the continent, but because it is so cold, the small amount of precipitation that does fall does not melt. … About 70% of Earth’s fresh water is in the Antarctic ice cap.
How much of Africa is dry?
Dry lands cover 65 per cent of the continent.
One-third of this area is hyper-arid deserts and completely uninhabited, except in oases. The remaining two-thirds of the dry lands, which comprise arid and semi-arid lands, are home to about 400 million Africans.
Why is Sahara desert so dry?
The end of the glacial period brought more rain to the Sahara, from about 8000 BCE to 6000 BCE, perhaps because of low pressure areas over the collapsing ice sheets to the north. Once the ice sheets were gone, the northern Sahara dried out. … The Sahara is now as dry as it was about 13,000 years ago.
Why is Africa so dry?
African deserts are the sunniest and the driest parts of the continent, owing to the prevailing presence of the subtropical ridge with subsiding, hot, dry air masses. … The equator runs through the middle of Africa, as do the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, making Africa the most tropical continent.
Which desert is the driest in the world?
The Atacama Desert forms part of the arid Pacific fringe of South America. Dry subsidence created by the South Pacific high-pressure cell makes the desert one of the driest regions in the world.
What is the hottest place in Africa?
A historic heat wave in northern Africa on Thursday, July 5, brought Africa its hottest reliably measured temperature on record: 124.3°F (51.3°C), at Ouargla, Algeria. Ouargla (population 190,000) is the capital city of Ouargla Province in the Algerian Sahara Desert, at an elevation of 719 feet (219 meters).
Why is half of Africa desert?
The answer lies in the climate of the Arctic and northern high latitudes. … However, around 5,500 years ago there was a sudden shift in climate in northern Africa leading to rapid acidification of the area. What was once a tropical, wet, and thriving environment suddenly turned into the desolate desert we see today.
Is the Sahara desert the driest place on Earth?
The Sahara Desert is one of the driest and hottest regions of the world, with a mean temperature sometimes over 30 °C (86 °F) and the average high temperatures in summer are over 40 °C (104 °F) for months at a time, and can even soar to 47 °C (117 °F).
Is Africa all desert?
Is Africa is mostly desert or mostly rain forest? Africa, the second largest continent in the world, has a variety of geographic features and vegetation zones. Many people think of Africa as consisting mostly of vast stretches of dry desert. … The largest vegetation zone in Africa is tropical grassland, known as savanna.