Coastal erosion is a major problem for Africa. In northwest Africa, the coasts are economically important since a large part of the gross domestic product (GDP) is derived from coastal activities such as fishing, tourism and commerce.
Why is it important to protect the waters of the coast of West Africa?
The protected areas are crucial for safeguarding fish spawning grounds and stock recovery as well as marine biodiversity conservation, including marine turtles and manatees.
Why do people live on the coast in Africa?
People here depend on the region’s natural resources—clean freshwater, healthy forests and mangroves, and abundant fish and wildlife. These resources must be managed sustainably to ensure their future. Local communities need the ability to protect their resources against illegal activities.
What is the coastline of Africa?
Paradoxically, the coastline of Africa—18,950 miles (30,500 km) in length—is shorter than that of Europe, because there are few inlets and few large bays or gulfs.
What are the coastal countries in West Africa?
The coastal countries of the West African region under these threats are Nigeria, Cape Verde, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Benin, Guinea Bissau, Ghana, the Gambia, Cote d’Ivoire, Sao Tome, Principe and Mauritania.
What is on the west coast of Africa?
western Africa, region of the western African continent comprising the countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. … The countries of western Africa.
Which ocean is off the west coast of Africa?
Gulf of Guinea, part of the eastern tropical Atlantic Ocean off the western African coast, extending westward from Cap López, near the Equator, to Cape Palmas at longitude 7° west.
What are the benefits of living on the coast?
Daily exercise is important for fighting obesity, improving heart health, and reducing cholesterol levels and blood pressure. Living close to the ocean encourages people to get out and enjoy the salt air and sunshine, staying active and providing the health benefits of daily exercise.
Where is the coast in Africa?
The coast of East Africa stretches 4,600km from southern Somalia to the Natal shores of South Africa. The East Africa coast supports rich wildlife populations of which 60-70% are found only in the Indo-Pacific and 15% are found nowhere else in the world. – 35 species of marine mammals.
What role did coastal cities play in the economic life of East Africa?
These cities were both exporting and importing. The coastal cities of East Africa were exporting goods that were brought from the interior. This contributed to development of internal trade, so many people engaged and benefited from it.
Which country has the longest coastline in West Africa?
Countries in Africa With the Longest Coastlines
Where West Africa is located?
By convention, West Africa is the western part of Africa, bounded in the west by the Atlantic Ocean, in the south by the Gulf of Guinea, and in the north by the Sahara and the Sahel, a beltlike semiarid transition zone between the Sahara desert and the Sudanian Savanna.
On which ocean does the west coast lie?
The West Coast National Park lies 120 km north of Cape Town in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It is 27,500 hectares (106 sq mi) in size. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west and the R27 coastal road, and runs from the town of Yzerfontein in the south up to the Langebaan lagoon.
How did geography influence West Africa?
Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara, where the land permitted farming. Geography also influenced trading patterns. … Rivers, such as the Niger, served as trade routes.
What is West Africa known for?
West Africa is famous for its cultural diversity and rich history. Unique mud architecture and landscapes dominate Niger and Mali’s major sights. Slave forts on Goree Island and along Ghana’s coast attract many visitors.
What is the geography of West Africa?
The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.