What is Africa’s geography like?

Africa is the most tropical of all continents. Climate and vegetation range from equatorial rainforests, tropical deserts and savanna grassland to Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx. 1800 kms and east-west is 5600km.

What type of geographic landform is Africa?

AFRICA’S PLATEAU

Except for the coasts of Mozambique and Somalia, much of the continent lies at least 1,000 feet above sea level. This plateau is Africa’s most prominent physical feature. As a result, geographers sometimes refer to Africa—the world’s second largest continent — as the “plateau continent.”

Why is Africa poor geography?

Because Africa is land-abundant, yet low-income, natural resource endowments loom large. However, they are unevenly distributed. Parts of Africa are abundant in natural resources, but others are resource-scarce. Further, because Africa is enormous and divided into many countries, many of them are landlocked.

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What are 3 things that are unique the geography of Africa?

Here are a few interesting geography facts related to Africa.

  • Africa is home to the second longest river in the world. …
  • Africa has the world’s largest non-polar desert. …
  • Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the continent. …
  • Africa lies on all four hemispheres of the Earth. …
  • Africa is hot!

What was the climate and geography of Africa like?

Africa, with the equator cutting across its center, is the world’s most tropical continent. Only its northern edge and southern tip are outside the tropics. … The center of the continent has a wet tropical climate, with extremely heavy rainfall. To the north and south are belts of tropical climate with a dry season.

What is the climate like in Africa?

Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates. … Temperatures are about the same as those in the desert regions.

What is one famous thing geography in Africa is known for?

The African continent has a unique place in human history. Widely believed to be the “cradle of humankind,” Africa is the only continent with fossil evidence of human beings (Homo sapiens) and their ancestors through each key stage of their evolution.

How does Africa’s geography affect its economy?

Africa’s natural resource economy contributes greatly to the continent’s built environment, or human-made buildings and structures. The largest engineering projects and urban areas are directly linked to the production and trade of resources such as water, oil, and minerals.

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How did the geography of Africa affect its development?

The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live, important trade resources such as gold and salt, and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.

What makes Africa Rich?

Africa is rich in natural resources ranging from arable land, water, oil, natural gas, minerals, forests and wildlife. The continent holds a huge proportion of the world’s natural resources, both renewables and non-renewables. … Land is an economic development asset as well as a socio-cultural resource.

What are some of Africa’s distinctive landforms?

Check out some of the most-impressive physical features found in Africa.

  • Victoria Falls. Victoria Falls. …
  • The Namib. Namib desert. …
  • East African Rift System. Kenya: Great Rift Valley. …
  • Congo River. Congo River: hydroelectric dam at Inga Falls. …
  • The Sahara. sand dunes. …
  • Lake Victoria. …
  • Ituri Forest. …
  • Nile River.

How did Africa’s geography affect movement in Africa?

What geographic features limited movement in Africa and what made them obstacles? The terrain of the rain forest and desert made these areas hard to cross, while the high plateau in the interior and the river cataracts made movement between regions difficult. … Outside trade opened North Africa to new ideas.

What are 3 major geographical features?

The three major geographical features are mountains, rivers and deserts.

What is the physical geography of West Africa like?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.

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How do you think Africa’s climate and geography would affect settlement patterns?

The trade routes changed from the north to the south because of the climate changes. Farmers in the forests along the coasts would trade with farmers in the south savannahs and with the herders in the sahel. … The people in the grasslands could grow grains and rice and could trade for salts and gold also.

What geographical features are found in North Africa?

North Africa has three main geographic features: the Sahara desert in the south, the Atlas Mountains in the west, and the Nile River and delta in the east. The Atlas Mountains extend across much of northern Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia.