What is African communitarianism?

African people have been generally described as communal, as people who base their worldview2 on communal thinking. … This philosophy came to be defined as communitarianism; hence, the communitarian concept of a person is considered as a standard view by many African thinkers.

What is African communitarianism against consensus as a regulative ideal?

It is a view which eschews the dominant position of many Africanist scholars on the primacy of the community over the individual in the ‘individual-community’ debate in contemporary Africanist discourse. … The individual is not prior to the community and neither is the community prior to the individual.

What does the term African in African philosophy mean?

A work is African philosophy based on a focal point of tradition. African philosophy must pull from African cultural backgrounds or thought processes, but it should be independent from racial considerations and use “African” only as a term of solidarity.

What’s the meaning of communitarian?

: of or relating to social organization in small cooperative partially collectivist communities.

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What is a person according to Menkiti?

Menkiti’s conception of personhood is a communal one, because, according to him, personhood is acquired “as one participates in communal life through the discharge of the various obligations defined by one’s stations.” In this context moral functions and responsibilities play a central role: Individuals become, through …

What is communitarianism theory?

Communitarianism is a philosophy that emphasizes the connection between the individual and the community. Its overriding philosophy is based upon the belief that a person’s social identity and personality are largely molded by community relationships, with a smaller degree of development being placed on individualism.

What are the characteristics of Afro communitarianism?

The virtues usually mentioned by Afro- communitarians are generosity, compassion, benevo- lence, tolerance, kindness and good-will, roughly ones that bring people closer together. These are salient in the writings of various African intellectuals.

What is African traditional philosophy?

African traditional philosophies are embodied experiential values that are carried by African people as they journey through life. As such they are lessons which are instilled in African beings from the cradle to the grave through orators and they are embedded in the social fabric of every African soul.

What are characteristics of African philosophy?

Contemporary African philosophers have established a general structure of religions other than Christianity and Islam and based on the following elements: a supreme being or force who created the world, which depends on him for its continuous existence; divinities or spirits or forces that are active in the world; …

What are the key principles of African philosophy?

The Ubuntu philosophy articulates such important values as respect, human dignity, compassion, solidarity and consensus, which demands conformity and loyalty to the group. However, modern African society is constituted of people from different cultures and backgrounds.

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What is the difference between communitarianism and utilitarianism?

is that utilitarianism is (philosophy) a system of ethics based on the premise that something’s value may be measured by its usefulness while communitarianism is (ethics) the group of doctrines that oppose excessive individualism in favour of a more community-based approach.

What are the core ideas of the communitarian approach?

The authors’ communitarian approach aims to preserve the balance between individual rights and social responsibilities, the moral integrity of a caring society, and the unique character of mutual trust between patients and health care personnel.

What is the meaning of Segmentary?

noun. 1. One of the parts into which something is divided: division, member, part, piece, portion, section, subdivision.

How is personhood defined?

noun. the state or fact of being a person. the state or fact of being an individual or having human characteristics and feelings: a harsh prison system that deprives prisoners of their personhood.

What is philosophy Kwame gyekye?

Philosophical work

Gyekye challenges the view that in African thought, community confers personhood on the individual and thus the individual’s identity is merely derivative of the community. … This intrinsic value, it is argued, makes nonsense of the view that the individual’s value stems solely from the community.