The Alps formed as a result of the collision of the Eurasian and African plates, two continental tectonic plates that were initially separated by ocean basins. Starting around 100 Ma, these two plates moved closer to each other, closing the ocean basins between them and ultimately colliding.
What is the result of the action between the African and Eurasian plate?
 The convergence between the Africa and Eurasia plates has dominated the evolution of the Mediterranean basin since the Cretaceous, controlling the generation, spatial distribution and shape of all mountain chains and of the intervening basins.
What happens as a result of plate movement?
The movement of these tectonic plates is likely caused by convection currents in the molten rock in Earth’s mantle below the crust. Earthquakes and volcanoes are the short-term results of this tectonic movement. The long-term result of plate tectonics is the movement of entire continents over millions of years (Fig.
What happened to the Eurasian plate?
The Eurasian Plate. … All of the volcanic eruptions in Iceland, such as the 1973 eruption of Eldfell, the 1783 eruption of Laki, and the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, are caused by the North American and the Eurasian Plates moving apart, which is a result of divergent plate boundary forces.
What is happening to the African tectonic plate?
The African Plate is rifting in the eastern interior of the African continent along the East African Rift. This rift zone separates the African Plate to the west from the Somali Plate to the east.
What are the consequences of convergent oceanic and continental plates?
Effects of a convergent boundary between an oceanic and continental plate include: a zone of earthquake activity that is shallow along the continent margin but deepens beneath the continent, sometimes an ocean trench forms immediately off shore of the continent, a line of volcanic eruptions a few hundred miles inland …
Where can the results of plate movement be seen?
The result of plate movement can be seen at plate boundaries and rift valleys.
What happens when 2 plates move apart?
A divergent boundary occurs when two tectonic plates move away from each other. Along these boundaries, earthquakes are common and magma (molten rock) rises from the Earth’s mantle to the surface, solidifying to create new oceanic crust.
How does plate movement affect the surface of the planet?
Plate motions cause mountains to rise where plates push together, or converge, and continents to fracture and oceans to form where plates pull apart, or diverge. The continents are embedded in the plates and drift passively with them, which over millions of years results in significant changes in Earth’s geography.
How does the Eurasian plate move?
The explanation is that plates move in a rotational manner. The North American Plate, for example, rotates counter-clockwise; the Eurasian Plate rotates clockwise. Boundaries between the plates are of three types: divergent (i.e., moving apart), convergent (i.e., moving together), and transform (moving side by side).
When did Africa collide with Eurasia?
According to Wortel, the opposite situation existed about 30 million years ago, when the African plate was diving under the Eurasian plate along a sizable subduction zone in the western Mediterranean. There, the dense rocks of the African seabed were being thrust beneath the European plate.
What plate boundary is formed between African plate and Eurasian plate?
Examples of continent-continent convergent boundaries are the collision of the India Plate with the Eurasian Plate, creating the Himalaya Mountains, and the collision of the African Plate with the Eurasian Plate, creating the series of ranges extending from the Alps in Europe to the Zagros Mountains in Iran.
How did the South African plate and African plate move?
How did the South American Plate and African Plate move? Earth’s plates move on top of a soft, solid layer of rock called the mantle. … The South American and African Plates moved apart as a divergent boundary formed between them and an ocean basin formed and spread.
Is the Eurasian Plate oceanic or continental?
The Eurasian Plate is an oceanic plate and a continental plate. The oceanic part of the plate is in the northwest where it is bordered by the Gakkel…
Is the Eurasian Plate convergent or divergent?
The boundary between the North America Plate and the Eurasian Plate is an example of a divergent boundary at a mid-ocean ridge.