What diseases are common in Africa?

Without access to medicines, Africans are susceptible to the three big killer diseases on the continent: malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS. Globally, 50% of children under five who die of pneumonia, diarrhoea, measles, HIV, tuberculosis and malaria are in Africa, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO).

What are the top 5 diseases in Africa?

With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in Africa are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming more than 6 million people per year.

What are all the diseases in Africa?

Topic Outline

  • Malaria.
  • Yellow fever.
  • Dengue.
  • African trypanosomiasis.
  • Onchocerciasis.
  • Leishmaniasis.
  • Rickettsioses.
  • Chikungunya fever.

What are the most common chronic diseases in Africa?

HIV, malaria and tuberculosis are the big targets. But over the next 15 years chronic diseases like cancer, heart disease, and kidney failure will become the major killers. By 2030 they will account for 42% of all deaths in the region, up from 25% today, says the World Health Organization.

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What’s the Number 1 killer in Africa?

Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.

Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.

Characteristic Distribution of causes of death
Ischaemic heart disease 5.5%
Stroke 5.5%

What are the top 10 causes of death in Africa?

Leading 10 causes of death in Africa in 2019 (in deaths per 100,000 population)

Characteristic Deaths per 100,000 population
Malaria 388
Tuberculosis 378
Road injury 297
Cirrhosis of the liver 195

What is the biggest killer of humans in Africa?

With so many dangerous animals in Africa, many people often overlook the fact that the hippopotamus is actually the biggest killer of humans of all large African animals. Although hippos are herbivores, these highly territorial animals are estimated to kill an incredible 3,000 people each year.

Why is Africa prone to diseases?

“Extreme weather creates conditions conducive to outbreaks of infectious diseases,” Epstein said. Heavy rains, for example, provide new breeding sites for the mosquitoes that carry malaria, dengue fever and other disease, while contaminating drinking water.

What are the 27 chronic diseases?

Which chronic diseases are covered?

  • Chronic renal disease.
  • Addison’s disease.
  • Asthma.
  • Bronchiectasis.
  • Cardiac failure.
  • Cardiomyopathy.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder.
  • Coronary artery disease.

How is Africa dealing with diseases?

Conventional methods such as antiretroviral therapy, antibiotics, anthelmintic drug, and vaccines are among the current practices for the treatment of infectious diseases in Africa.

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What are the most common diseases in sub-Saharan Africa?

In sub-Saharan Africa, communicable diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV have long been among the most prominent contributors to disease burden.

What is the deadliest animal in Africa?

Africa’s Top 10 Deadliest Animals

  • Puff Adder. This sneaky critter is considered Africa’s deadliest snake, being responsible for almost 32,000 human fatalities in a year. …
  • Mosquito. …
  • Hippopotamus. …
  • Lion. …
  • Crocodile. …
  • Buffalo. …
  • Elephant. …
  • Rhinoceros.

Who has killed the most people in history?

The most prolific modern serial killer is arguably Dr. Harold Shipman, with 218 probable murders and possibly as many as 250 (see “Medical professionals”, below).

What animal kills the most humans a year?


Source: CNET
Animal Humans killed per year
1 Mosquitoes 1,000,000
2 Humans (homicides only) 475,000
3 Snakes 50,000