What crops are native to West Africa?

They grow also maize, yams, sweet potato, arum, gourds, squash, pumpkin, okra, beans, tomato, ground-nuts, eschalots, cayenne pepper.

What crops originated in West Africa?

The spread of African agriculture (1000 bce-500 CE) Sorghum and millet were the number one crops of West Africans, and they continued to put a lot of emphasis on cattle herding as well. This played a role in a great migration of farmers out of West Africa starting approximately 1000 BCE.

What crop is indigenous to West Africa?

Many foods were originally domesticated in West Africa, including grains like African rice, Pearl Millet, Sorghum, and Fonio; tree crops like Kola nut, used in Coca-Cola, and Oil Palm; and other globally important plant foods such as Watermelon, Okra, Black-eye peas, and Yams.

What foods are native to West Africa?

To most West Africans, foods like yams, corn, cassava, rice, and groundnuts are indispensable in their diet. Other common foods are green vegetables, dried peas, pumpkin, squash, eggplants, okra, garlic, and tomatoes. A few common dishes in West Africa are gari and fufu.

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What vegetables are native to Africa?

Across the eastern part of Africa, some common vegetables include African black nightshade (solanum nigrum), stinging nettle, amaranth, spiderplant (cleome gynandra), Pumpkin, black-eyed peas commonly known as cowpeas, african eggplant, Ethiopian kale (brassica carinata) and okra.

What crops grow in Africa?

Africa produces all the principal grains—corn, wheat, and rice—in that order of importance. Corn has the widest distribution, being grown in virtually all ecological zones. Highest yields per acre are recorded in Egypt and on the Indian Ocean islands of Réunion and Mauritius, areas where production is under irrigation.

What fruit is native to Africa?

For probably as long as people have lived in Africa, they have eaten culturally and traditionally important indigenous fruits such as baobab, desert date, black plum, and tamarind.

What grows in West Africa?

In West Africa, the main staple crops such as maize, cassava, millet, and sorghum are mostly dependent on rainfall10. The region is influenced by large-scale climate teleconnections11 and some of the largest deficits in crop production have been due to droughts induced by declines in rainfall12.

Is corn indigenous to Africa?

As we discussed above, maize is not indigenous to Africa; it was first introduced into the Gold Coast sometime in the seventeenth century, at which point it diffused rapidly across the continent.

What crops did slaves bring from Africa?

Most favoured by slave owners were commercial crops such as olives, grapes, sugar, cotton, tobacco, coffee, and certain forms of rice that demanded intense labour to plant, considerable tending throughout the growing season, and significant labour for harvesting.

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What fruits and vegetables are native to West Africa?

West African Fruits

  • Mango.
  • Avocado Pear.
  • Banana.
  • Apple.
  • Pineapple.
  • Pawpaw (Papaya)
  • Guava.
  • Tangerine.

What is the most important crop for Ghana or West Africa?

Rice is important in all the zones. Although the majority of rural households keep some sort of livestock, livestock farming is adjunct to crop farming. Poultry predominates in the south, while cattle production is concentrated in the Savannah zones.

What is Africa traditional food?

A typical West African meal is made with starchy items and can contain meat, fish as well as various spices and herbs. A wide array of staples are eaten across the region, including fufu, banku, kenkey (originating from Ghana), foutou, couscous, tô, and garri, which are served alongside soups and stews.

What vegetables are grown in West Africa?

Vegetables. Vegetables are a part of any West African meal. Some commonly eaten vegetables include black-eyed peas, eggplant, pumpkin and other squashes, okra, as well as a staggering variety of both farmed and foraged green leafy vegetables, little known or used outside of the African continent.

What edible plants are native to Africa?

Yet across Africa today the main vegetables are crops such as sweet potato, cooking banana (plantain), cassava, peanut, common bean, peppers, eggplant, and cucumber. Countries in the elevated central regions—Burundi, Rwanda, Ethiopia, and Kenya—grow potato.

Are tomatoes indigenous to Africa?

Tomatoes are native to South America, in fact, several species are still found growing wild in the Andes. Brought to Mexico, tomatoes were domesticated and cultivated there by 500 BC. … Columbus and/or Cortez brought tomatoes to Europe and the Spanish explorers took them throughout the world.

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