The West African region can be divided into four climatic sub-regions namely the Guinea Coast, Soudano-Sahel, Sahel (extending eastward to the Ethiopian border) and the Sahara, each with different climatic conditions.
What are the 4 climate zones of West Africa?
These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above. The lines between these regions represent more of a transition along a continuous ecological gradient than sharp boundaries.
What are the 4 major climate types in West Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
What environments are found in West Africa?
The land of West Africa consists of contrasting kinds of physical environment. The forest environment differs from the savanna environment, a mountainous area from a flat lowland area, riverine area from one away from a river, an area with predominantly sandy soils from one with predominantly loamy soils.
What are the 4 vegetation zones in Africa?
Terms in this set (5)
- What are the four (vegetation) zones of Africa? The Sahara, Sahel, Savannah, and the Rain Forest.
- Which two West African rivers were important to early civilization? …
- Describe the Niger and Senegal Rivers? …
- Where was the Empire of Ghana located? …
- What were the.
What is the environment and climate of Western Africa?
The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.
What were three major resources of West Africa?
Agriculture remains a major economic sector, providing income for nearly half of Ghanaians. The country is endowed with rich natural resources. Timber, gold, diamonds, bauxite, manganese, and oil contribute to making Ghana among the wealthier nations in West Africa.
What are the three main types of climate in West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
What are the four rainfall regions in South Africa?
The interior plateau, the eastern Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and Mpumalanga Provinces receive almost all its rain as thunderstorms (convective rains). These convective rains develop because all these areas have enough heat in summer.
What is the geography of West Africa?
The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.
What are examples of environmental issues in Africa?
Issues include for example deforestation, soil degradation, air pollution, climate change and water scarcity (resulting in problems with access to safe water supply and sanitation). Nearly all of Africa’s environmental problems are geographically variable and human induced.
What are three serious environmental issues of West Africa?
Africa faces serious environmental challenges, including land degradation, deforestation, biodiversity loss and extreme vulnerability to climate change.
What are 4 vegetation zones?
Most of the United States can be divided into four main vegetation regions.
What climate zone is West Africa?
The Köppen-Geiger climate zones of West Africa (Kottek et al., 2006), which occur in latitudinal strata as shown in Figure 1 are:-the equatorial monsoon zone, equatorial winter zone, 5 arid steppe zone and arid desert zone.
What are the 3 vegetation regions of Africa?
Africa’s vegetation consists of grasslands, rain forests, and a wide variety of other plant life.