What are the African vocal forms?

What is African vocal music?

African vocal music is wide ranging in it’s style and use of conventions but generally, African languages are tone languages. Therefore the melodies and rhtyhms of a song often come directly from the way they talk, as the pitches match the meaning of the words. …

What are the types of vocal form?

The four main vocal ranges are:

  • Soprano – A high female (or boy’s) voice.
  • Alto – A low female (or boy’s) voice.
  • Tenor – A high (adult) male voice.
  • Bass – A low (adult) male voice.

What are the three vocal forms?

Three contrasting voices are standard: cantus, tenor, and countertenor. The cantus typically moves in a high tenor or alto range, in counterpoint with the lower tenor. To this two-part framework is added the countertenor, at times following the style and range of the cantus but at other times that of the tenor.

What is form in African music?

Form. The most frequently used form in African musical traditions consists of the use of ostinato, or repeated short musical phrases with the accompaniment of melodic-rhythmic patterns. For example, in the call and response method, a leader usually sings a phrase with a chorus singing back a response.

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What are the 5 kind of African music?

There are five groups of Sub-Saharan African musical instruments: membranophones, chordophones, aerophones, idiophones, and percussion.

What are the 8 types of African music?

List of Music Genres in Africa

  • Afrobeat. Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. …
  • Apala. Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
  • Assiko. …
  • Bikutsi. …
  • Benga music. …
  • Bongo Flava (Tanzania)
  • Cabo-Love (Cape Verde)
  • Chimurenga music.

What are the 6 types of voices?

Though everyone’s range is specific to their voice, most vocal ranges are categorized within 6 common voice types: Bass, Baritone, Tenor, Alto, Mezzo-Soprano, and Soprano. If you’ve been part of a choir before, you’re probably pretty familiar with these ranges.

Is the music sacred vocal form?

SACRED MUSIC The sacred music of the Renaissance was a natural outgrowth of plainsong. The simple two-line polyphony of the late Middle Ages was expanded to use up to four different vocal parts of equal importance. This new vocal form was the motet.

What are 6 vocal songs?

D Voice Classification

Singing voices are classified into six main groups: soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto, tenor, baritone, and bass. There are also commonly used subgroups, such as dramatic as opposed to lyric, or spinto, coloratura, soubrette, and so on.

What are the instrumental and vocal forms?

Vocal music is music that uses and emphasizes the human voice. Sometimes instruments are used, but the voice is the most important part. Vocal music is the opposite of instrumental music, which uses any combination of instruments, such as strings, woodwinds, brass, or percussion, usually without the human voice.

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Are Altos rare?

The alto’s range is typically from about E3 to about E5, corresponding to a low female or high male voice. An alto’s first passaggio occurs around E4 or E4, and her second passaggio around Eb5 or E5. A true alto is rare, and many female altos can be classified as a mezzo-soprano.

What is the highest male singing voice called?

Tenor: the highest male voice, B2 (2nd B below middle C) to A4 (A above middle C), and possibly higher. Baritone: a male voice, G2 (two Gs below middle C) to F4 (F above middle C). Bass: the lowest male voice, E2 (two Es below middle C) to E4 (the E above middle C).

What are the common forms of African literature?

African literature then expanded to include hymns, romance, epic, poetry, fictional narrative, epistles, diaries, philosophy, biography, and autobiography. One particular form of African narrative which may have been the first to draw Western attention for the first time was composed by slaves.

What are the elements of African music?

Instrumentation and timbre

The percussion instruments that are most associated with traditional African music are: a variety of drums including the djembe, talking drum and dundun – some of the drums can change in pitch. beads and rattles that produce an alternative timbre to a drum.

What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.