What are migrant workers in the South African context?

Migrants: People who move from the area where they were previously living to live in another area. Migrants include both people who move to another country to seek asylum (commonly called “refugees” in SA), and people who move to seek work and livelihoods, from elsewhere in South Africa or from another country.

What is a migrant worker in South Africa?

migrant labour, casual and unskilled workers who move about systematically from one region to another offering their services on a temporary, usually seasonal, basis. Migrant labour in various forms is found in South Africa, the Middle East, western Europe, North America, and India.

What is the purpose of migrant workers?

Many countries rely on migrant workers to help them plug their labour shortfalls, while migrants’ remittances provide a vital source of finance and foreign exchange for households and governments in their countries of origin. But the life of a migrant worker is often a harsh and isolated one.

What do you know about migrant workers?

A “migrant worker” is defined in the International Labour Organization (ILO) instruments as a person who migrates from one country to another (or who has migrated from one country to another) with a view to being employed other than on his own account, and includes any person regularly admitted as a migrant for …

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What is the role of migrant workers in our economy?

 Migrants contribute more in taxes and social contributions than they receive in benefits.  Labour migrants have the most positive impact on the public purse.  Employment is the single biggest determinant of migrants’ net fiscal contribution.  Migration boosts the working-age population.

What type of jobs do migrant workers have?

The jobs available to undocumented migrant workers in America are often in the domestic, industrial and agricultural field. These jobs are often physically demanding and are often dangerous. All of these workers are exposed to face paces, and repetitive motions at work which can easily lead to injury.

How many migrant workers are in South Africa?

An estimated 2.9 million migrants resided in South Africa at mid-year 2020 (ibid.), the most industrialized economy in the region and a particularly attractive destination for those in search of education and better opportunities.

What is meant by migrant workmen?

The 1979 law defines a migrant worker as one who is recruited by or through a licenced contractor in one state for employment in an establishment in another state.

What are the problems of migrant workers?

Immediate concerns faced by such migrant workers relate to food, shelter, healthcare, fear of getting infected or spreading the infection, loss of wages, concerns about the family, anxiety and fear. Sometimes, they also face harassment and negative reactions of the local community.

What are migrant workers and what role do they play in the global economy?

(Note 1) Migrant workers contribute to the economies of their host countries, and the remittances they send home help to boost the economies of their countries of origin. Yet, migrant workers often benefit from inadequate social protection and are vulnerable to exploitation and human trafficking.

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