This paper reviews the present condition of cocoa growing in West Africa where some six million ha are planted with cocoa which provide about 70 percent of the total world production. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are the largest producers, followed by Nigeria and Cameroon.
How much cocoa does West Africa produce?
West Africa collectively supplies two thirds of the world’s cocoa crop, with Ivory Coast leading production at 1.8 million tonnes as of 2017, and nearby Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon and Togo producing additional 1.55 million tonnes.
Which country produces the largest crop of cacao beans?
About 70 percent of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon. The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa.
Cocoa-producing West African economies have thriving agricultural sectors which contribute strongly to GDP at rates between 14% and 40% depending on the economy.
Where is the biggest cocoa farm in the world?
Table Rank of Top 10 World’s Biggest Cocoa Bean Producing Countries in 2019
|Rank||Countries||Production of Cocoa Beans in 2019|
Why is cocoa grown in West Africa?
The production of cocoa begins in the tropical regions around the Equator, where the hot and humid climate is well suited for growing cocoa trees. 70% of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon.
How much cocoa is produced in Ghana?
Production of cocoa beans in Ghana 2012/2013-2020/2021
In 2019/2020, Ghana is estimated to have produced about 800 thousand tons of cocoa beans, a decrease from approximately 812 thousand tons in 2018/2019.
Where is cocoa largely produced in Nigeria?
The major states that produce cocoa are Ondo, Cross River, Ogun, Akwa Ibom, Ekiti, Delta, Osun and Oyo.
Where was cocoa first grown in Ghana?
Cocoa cultivation began in Ghana, according to the legend, fostered by a blacksmith called Tetteh Quarshie, who, in 1895, returned to his farm in the Eastern Region of Ghana with cocoa beans “in his pocket” from the island of Fernando Po (now Bioko) in Equatorial Guinea where there was already intensive plantation …
How many countries produce cocoa beans?
More than half of the world’s cocoa comes from only two countries: the Ivory Coast and Ghana. The countries at the bottom (listed in green) produce less than a thousand metric tons of cocoa a year.
Is West African cocoa farming intensive or extensive?
Seventy percent of the world cocoa production is produced by small holders in West Africa. Cocoa production increased by fifty percent in the first decade of the 21st century. Yields remained low because of extensive cultivation practices and old age of cocoa farms.
Why is cocoa grown in Africa?
Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
What West African country is known for both its coffee and cocoa beans exports?
In 2020, Ivory Coast was the world’s largest exporter of cocoa beans and had high levels of income for its region.
|Republic of Côte d’Ivoire République de Côte d’Ivoire (French)|
|• Per capita||$2,281|
|Gini (2015)||41.5 medium|
|HDI (2019)||0.538 low · 162nd|
Which African National is famous for chocolate?
Ghana, Ivory Coast are marketing more chocolate to the world — Quartz Africa.
Where is the best cocoa grown?
Ecuador is home to some of the best cacao beans in the world. Only approximately 5% of cacao in the world is labeled as “Fine Aroma,” and Ecuador produces nearly 63% of it.
Is cocoa native to Africa?
The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.