Only the northernmost and the southernmost fringes of the continent have a Mediterranean climate. The equator runs through the middle of Africa, as do the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, making Africa the most tropical continent.
What is the main climate type in Africa?
Africa’s climate is dominated by desert conditions along vast stretches of its northern and southern fringes. The central portion of the continent is wetter, with tropical rainforests, grasslands, and semi-arid climates. … Temperatures are about the same as those in the desert regions.
What are 4 major climate zones of Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
How many climatic zones are in Africa?
Based on the combination of temperature, precipitation and evapotranspiration, Africa canbe divided into four main climatic zones; 1) arid and semi-arid, 2) tropical, 3) equatorial, and 4) temperate  . …
Where are the climate zones in Africa?
The six main climate zones of Africa are found to the north and south of the equator, namely, Equatorial, Humid Tropical, Tropical, Semi- desert (Sahalian), Mediterranean and Desert. A climate region is an area with similar temperature and rainfall.
What is the climate of northern Africa?
Current Climatology of North Africa
Along the coast, North Africa has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers, with ample rainfall of approximately 400 to 600 mm per year.
What is the most northern climate zone in Africa?
Nights can be cool, sometimes even cold: lows can drop to around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) in the far north. The northernmost area belongs to the climate zone called Sahel, while more to the south, we find the savannah zone.
What are the 3 climate zones of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
What is equatorial type of climate?
A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures, small temperature ranges, and rain that falls throughout the year. … A tropical rainforest climate is typically hot, very humid, and wet.
What are the four climate zones of West Africa?
These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above. The lines between these regions represent more of a transition along a continuous ecological gradient than sharp boundaries.
What is the climate of West Africa?
Climate. West Africa has wet and dry seasons resulting from the interaction of two migrating air masses. … The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C.
What is the climate of eastern Africa?
The climate of eastern Africa is generally tropical, though average temperatures tend to be reduced by the region’s high elevations. … The region’s vegetation ranges from woodlands and grasslands in the wetter regions to thornbushes in semiarid areas.
What are the climate zones?
The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar.