Colonialism made African colonies dependent by introducing a mono- cultural economy for the territories. It also dehumanized African labour force and traders. It forced Africans to work in colonial plantations at very low wages and displaced them from their lands.
What happened during the colonization of West Africa?
The 19th century British colonial policy in West Africa was a policy of assimilation. Their grand plan was to have Africans assimilate into European civilization and culture. The policy created a western class of black Englishmen who were supposedly British partners in religion, trade and administration.
What are some of the effects of Western colonialism?
Colonialism’s impacts include environmental degradation, the spread of disease, economic instability, ethnic rivalries, and human rights violations—issues that can long outlast one group’s colonial rule.
How was West Africa affected by imperialism?
Colonialism had a huge impact on the lives of Africans. Economic policies were adopted by Europeans who destroyed the colonies, rather than help them. Africa was damaged economically, politically, and culturally. Africa’s traditional lifestyles and culture were destroyed.
How did colonialism affect Africa’s development?
The policies of colonialism forced the demise of African industry and created a reliance on imported goods from Europe. Had native industry been encouraged and cultivated by the colonizing powers, Africa would probably be in a much better economic and technological position today.
What were the negative effects of colonialism in Africa?
Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans. Change of the social systems of living.
What happened to Africa after colonialism?
As a result of colonialism and imperialism, a majority of Africa lost sovereignty and control of natural resources such as gold and rubber. The introduction of imperial policies surfacing around local economies led to the failing of local economies due to an exploitation of resources and cheap labor.
What are the effects of colonialism today?
(2010) further expands on the direct confrontations of colonialism by stating, “[T]he impacts of colonialism were similar, regardless of the specific colonizer: disease; destruction of indigenous social, political, and economic structures; repression; exploitation; land displacement; and land degradation” (p. 37).
What was colonialism in Africa?
Colonialism is the act by which a country or state exerts control and domination over another country or state. … During a period lasting from 1881 to 1914 in what was known as the Scramble for Africa, several European nations took control over areas of the African continent.
What countries were affected by colonialism?
The main European countries active in this form of colonization included Spain, Portugal, France, the Kingdom of England (later Great Britain), the Netherlands, and the Kingdom of Prussia (now mostly Germany), and, beginning in the 18th century, the United States.
Why did colonialism happen in Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. … These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.
How did industrial revolution affect Africa?
The Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century led to the scramble for Africa primarily because it generated a growing demand for cheap raw materials that were widely available throughout the continent.
What is the impact of colonialism in Nigeria?
Loss of culture and identity
When the colonialists took over the country’s rule during the colonial era, the natives suffered a massive culture and identity loss. The British brought and imposed their culture, language, behaviour, beliefs, and other ways of life on the Nigerians.
How has West Africa been affected by population growth?
Not only has West Africa’s population been growing rapidly at an average annual rate of 2.75 percent, it has also become more urban, with some major cities recording mean annual growth rates of up to 9 percent. … These are just a few of the linkages between population and land use/land cover (Lambin and others, 2001).
In the novel, Things Fall Apart, the effects of colonialism were extremely evident in the Igbo society. As the white Englanders moved into the native’s land, their cultural values changed. … Also, as many of the natives ran to the new Christian faith, many family bonds were broken.