How did the great trek affect Africans?

The Great Trek increased the conflicts between the Boers and indigenous tribes, but, on the other hand stimulated trade between black and white groups. … The Great Trek was an important phase in the Western colonisation of South Africa.

How did the Great Trek affect the African people?

– The Great trek led to the establishment of the Boers republic in the interior of South Africa like Transvaal, Orange Free State and Natal. – The Great trek led to the mistreatment of the Africans since they were treated as second class citizens by the whites more especially the Boers.

What happened during the Great Trek?

Great Trek, Afrikaans Groot Trek, the emigration of some 12,000 to 14,000 Boers from Cape Colony in South Africa between 1835 and the early 1840s, in rebellion against the policies of the British government and in search of fresh pasturelands.

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What were the three most important reasons for the Great Trek?

Their motives were to escape British control and to acquire cheap land. The majority settled in what became Orange Free State, Transvaal, and Natal.

What were the causes of the Great Trek in South Africa?

– The long term hatred between the British and the Boers and this hatred could not be contained by the Boers any more thus led to the Great trek. … – The spirit of adventure among the Boers who wanted discovers new areas into the interior of South Africa led to the massive migration by the Boers.

What were the effects of the Great Trek in South Africa?

As a result of the Trek, the Afrikaners remained politically divided for many years. Furthermore, the Trek resulted in the cultural and economic isolation of the Boers. The Great Trek increased the conflicts between the Boers and indigenous tribes, but, on the other hand stimulated trade between black and white groups.

What hardships were experienced during the Great Trek?

Killing and looting were their business, land and labour their spoils. When the trekkers arrived in the Transvaal they experienced an acute labour shortage. They did not work their own fields themselves and instead used Pedi who sold their labour mainly to buy arms and ammunition.

What role did the Mfecane play in the Great Trek?

The major point of Mfecane: The Role Played by Blacks in the Great Trek, is that blacks trudging besides ox wagons out of the Cape and into the hinterland outnumbered white Trekkers. “The Great Trek has been interpreted in many different ways,” Halala writes in the introduction to his book.

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Who won the Boer War?

South African War, also called Boer War, Second Boer War, or Anglo-Boer War; to Afrikaners, also called Second War of Independence, war fought from October 11, 1899, to May 31, 1902, between Great Britain and the two Boer (Afrikaner) republics—the South African Republic (Transvaal) and the Orange Free State—resulting …

What was the impact of the Native Land Act of 1913?

It opened the door for white ownership of 87 percent of land, leaving black people to scramble for what was left. Once the law was passed, the apartheid government began the mass relocation of black people to poor homelands and to poorly planned and serviced townships.

What were the main causes of the Mfecane?

Among the causes of the Mfecane include overpopulation, refugee problems and drought and famine. First of all, the population explosion in the area of Southern Africa among the Nguni people led to wars that opened the way for the Mfecane.

What effects did the discovery of diamonds and gold have on South Africa?

The discovery of diamonds in 1869 and of gold in 1886 changed the South African economy significantly. European investment flowed in; by the end of the nineteenth century, it was equivalent to all European investment in the rest of Africa.

Why were Indians brought to SA in the 1800s?

After the British colonised South Africa in the 1800s, Indian people were brought from their home country (which was also colonised by Britain at the time) to work on the plantations, railways and mines of colonial Natal (now known as the province of KwaZulu-Natal) between 1860 and 1911.

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What caused great trek?

The Great Trek resulted from the culmination of tensions between rural descendants of the Cape’s original European settlers, known collectively as Boers, and the British Empire.

What was the African policy of apartheid?

apartheid, (Afrikaans: “apartness”) policy that governed relations between South Africa’s white minority and nonwhite majority for much of the latter half of the 20th century, sanctioning racial segregation and political and economic discrimination against nonwhites.

Why are they called Boers?

The term Boer, derived from the Afrikaans word for farmer, was used to describe the people in southern Africa who traced their ancestry to Dutch, German and French Huguenot settlers who arrived in the Cape of Good Hope from 1652.