The British policy of indirect rule was most clearly formulated by Frederick J.D. Lugard in Nigeria. In the early 1900s, long after Britain annexed Lagos as a crown colony (1861), Lugard conquered the north. … Lugard’s system became the model for all of British West Africa.
How did Britain gain power in Africa?
Indirect Rule . Indirect rule, the brainchild of the British colonial administrator Frederick Lugard, became the main system the British used to administer their African colonies. The British used African traditional rulers to work on their behalf and help subjugate their fellow Africans.
When did Britain colonize West Africa?
British West Africa
|British West African Settlements|
|Historical era||New Imperialism|
|• Established||17 October 1821|
|• Disestablishment||13 January 1850|
|• Second establishment||19 February 1866|
How did West Africa gain independence?
On September 28, 1958, in a referendum, the colonies were offered full internal self-government as fellow members with France of a French Community that would deal with supranational affairs. All of the colonies voted for this scheme except Guinea, where Sékou Touré led the people to vote for complete independence.
Why did the British colonize Africa?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. … These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.
How did Britain take control of the Cape?
The British occupied the Cape in 1795, ending the Dutch East India Company’s role in the region. Although the British relinquished the colony to the Dutch in the Treaty of Amiens (1802), they reannexed it in 1806 after the start of the Napoleonic Wars.
How did the British treat their African colonies?
British officials generally treated the Africans better than the settlers who were left behind when the British pulled out. The British were also generally more tolerant of local religions and customs than other European rulers. The British put enormous resources into combating slavery.
How did British colonize Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country in West Africa. It was colonized by the British in 1884 and the colony is established at the Berlin conference which divides Africa by European powers. The British targeted Nigeria because of its resources. … The British accomplished the colonization by using its military.
How did Britain Colonise the West Indies?
In 1623 the English occupied part of Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts), and in 1625 they occupied Barbados. By 1655, when Jamaica was captured from a small Spanish garrison, English colonies had been established in Nevis, Antigua, and Montserrat.
How did the British rule their colonies?
Each colony had its own government, but the British king controlled these governments. … This meant that they could not govern themselves and make their own laws. They had to pay high taxes to the king. They felt that they were paying taxes to a government where they had no representation.
How did Nigeria gain independence?
Nigeria became a British protectorate in 1901. The period of British rule lasted until 1960, when an independence movement led to the country being granted independence. Nigeria first became a republic in 1963, but succumbed to military rule three years later, after a bloody coup d’état.
Why did Britain grant independence to its colonies?
Decolonization and the Decline of British World Power
In Africa, Britain reluctantly granted independence to its colonial possessions in face of the perceived threat of a Soviet-backed communist subversion of the Continent.
Which West African country gained independence from Britain in 1960?
Two countries achieved independence from the British Empire in 1960: Somalia, through the unification of British Somaliland and the Trust Territory of Somalia, and Nigeria.
When did Britain lose control of Africa?
With all of their money problems, Britain could simply not afford to deal with this as well. Eventually, independence was granted to these colonies and, between the 1950s and 1980s, Britain lost control of all of its colonies in Africa.
How did Britain take over South Africa?
Following the defeat of the Boers in the Anglo-Boer or South African War (1899–1902), the Union of South Africa was created as a self-governing dominion of the British Empire on 31 May 1910 in terms of the South Africa Act 1909, which amalgamated the four previously separate British colonies: Cape Colony, Colony of …
What resources did Britain want from Africa?
The New Colonialism: Britain’s scramble for Africa’s energy and mineral resources. The report reveals the degree to which British companies now control Africa’s key mineral resources, notably gold, platinum, diamonds, copper, oil, gas and coal.