The highest rates of child mortality are still in Sub-Saharan Africa—where 1 in 9 children dies before age five, more than 16 times the average for developed regions (1 in 152). Under-five mortality rate in Africa (per 1,000 live births) declined from 163 in 1990 to 100 in 2011.
What is the child mortality rate in Africa?
By 2020, this number has fallen significantly, to an estimated 71 deaths per thousand births in 2020.
Child mortality rate (under five years old) in Africa from 1955 to 2020.
|Characteristic||Deaths per 1,000 live births|
Why is child mortality high in Africa?
The low coverage and poor performance of the health system contribute to a high mortality rate of otherwise preventable deaths, including neonatal conditions (27%), pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%), injuries (2%) and others (5%).
Is the child mortality rate high or low in Africa?
Children continue to face widespread regional and income disparities in their chances of survival. Sub-Saharan Africa continues to be the region with the highest under-five mortality rate in the world—76 deaths per 1,000 live births.
What is the meaning of child mortality?
In demography, child mortality refers to the death of children under the age of five while infant mortality refers to the death of those under the age of one.
What causes child mortality?
The leading causes of death among children under five in 2017 were preterm birth complications, acute respiratory infections, intrapartum-related complications, congenital anomalies and diarrhea. Neonatal deaths accounted for 47% of under-five deaths in 2017.
Why is child mortality a problem?
Why is child mortality important? Under-5 mortality rate is a leading indicator of the level of child health and overall development in countries. … Between 1990 and 2008, the number of children in developing countries who died before they reached the age of five dropped from 100 to 72 deaths per 1,000 live births.
Why is it important to reduce child mortality?
Millennium Development Goal 4: Reduce child mortality
Programmes to improve household food security and nutrition information increase children’s chances of growing to adulthood. FAO programmes assist poor households and communities to secure access to nutritionally adequate diets and reduce child undernutrition.
What is the main cause of death in Africa?
Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.
Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.
|Characteristic||Distribution of causes of death|
|Ischaemic heart disease||5.5%|
How can we improve child mortality?
Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortality
- Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding.
- Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.
- Access to nutrition and micronutrients.
- Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.
- Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.
What is the most common cause of child deaths?
Accidents (unintentional injuries) are, by far, the leading cause of death among children and teens.