Africa produces an average of 14.6 million tonnes of rough rice per year (1989-1996) on 7.3 million ha, equivalent to 2.6 and 4.6 percent of the world’s total production and rice area, respectively. West Africa has the greatest rice area (Figure 1) in Africa (56.5 percent), i.e. about 3.7 million ha.
Did rice originate in Africa?
Rice was cultivated in Africa long before any navigator from Java or Arabia could have introduced their kind of rice to Madagascar or the East African coast. The native rice was grown first in the central Niger delta, and later in the Gambia, Casamance, and Sokoto basins.
How did rice get to Africa?
Africa has an indigenous rice, Oryza glaberrima, which may have been domesticated about 1500 B.C.E. along the upper Niger River. It spread to west Africa, and when the first Portuguese explorers reached Guinea in 1446, they found extensive fields. Perhaps Carolina Gold descended from this plant.
How much rice does Africa produce?
The production steadily increased from around 2.2 million tons in 1962 to 12.7 million tons in 2018 (USDA, 2019). Over the 2009–2019 decade, West Africa produced an average of 10.1 million tons of rice annually, representing 65.6% of the total Sub-Saharan African production (Table 1).
Did rice originate in Africa or China?
Although Oryza sativa was domesticated in Asia, the now less popular Oryza glaberrima rice was independently domesticated in Africa 3,000 to 3,500 years ago.
What rice comes from Africa?
Oryza glaberrima, commonly known as African rice, is one of the two domesticated rice species. It was first domesticated and grown in West Africa around 3,000 years ago.
What country eats most rice?
As the most populous country in the world, China also consumes more rice than any other country, with 149 million metric tons consumed in 2020/2021. Following China, India is ranked second with 106.5 million metric tons of rice consumption in the same period.
When did Africa start eating rice?
Africa. African rice has been cultivated for 3500 years. Between 1500 and 800 BC, Oryza glaberrima propagated from its original centre, the Niger River delta, and extended to Senegal. However, it never developed far from its original region.
What continent is rice native to?
Rice is unique among wild plants for having been domesticated independently on three continents: Asia, Africa, and now South America, researchers have discovered. The New World variety, tamed about 4000 years ago, apparently was abandoned after Europeans arrived.
What is red rice made of?
Red Rice is a classic Lowcountry side dish that’s made by cooking long grain white rice in the oven with bacon, onion, garlic and tomato paste. The end result is tender, fluffy rice with rich tomato flavor, a touch of sweetness and a hint of smokiness.
Why is rice important to Africa?
The African rice, whose scientific name is Oryza glaberrima, is unique to Africa and is an integral part of the culture of some communities. Strategic commodity for food security: Rice is the predominant dietary energy source in West Africa and Madagascar and is the second most important source of calories in Africa.
Which country consumes the most rice in Africa?
The three largest rice-consuming countries, Nigeria, Côte d’Ivoire, and Madagascar, account for about 40 percent of SSA’s rice consumption.
Does South Africa grow rice?
Rice has never been produced commercially in the country. … One fifth of the world’s population depends on rice cultivation for their livelihoods. South Africa’s next major grain crop. The South African economy and agricultural sector can benefit significantly from introducing another grain crop, says Kruger.
Is rice endemic to Africa?
There are only two species of cultivated rice in the world: Oryza glaberrima, or African rice, and Oryza sativa, or Asian rice. Native to sub-Saharan Africa, O. … It is also possible that Asian rice was domesticated in tropical Asia south of China, but evidence for this possibility is still lacking.
What country is rice from?
However, the earliest archaeological evidence comes from central and eastern China and dates to 7000–5000 bce. More than 90 percent of the world’s rice is grown in Asia, principally in China, India, Indonesia, and Bangladesh, with smaller amounts grown in Japan, Pakistan, and various Southeast Asian nations.
Does America produce rice?
Where Rice Grows in the USA. Each year, American rice farmers sustainably grow roughly 20 billion pounds of rice in Arkansas, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, and Texas. Half of the rice crop is consumed in the United States, accounting for 80 percent of the rice consumed domestically.